Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2016, Page: 5-22
New Approach to Modeling the Direct Torque Control Applied to the Asynchronous Machine, Reduction of Undulations on the Torque
Hamid Yantour, Lab. of Automation and Production Engineering, ENSEM, Casablanca, Morocco
Janah Saadi, Directeur Académique: Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique Lot 660, Hay Moulay Rachid 43150, Benguerir, Maroc
Ahmed Khoumsi, Lab. Dept. Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Sherbrooke, Canada
Received: Dec. 4, 2015;       Accepted: Jan. 5, 2016;       Published: Jun. 18, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijiis.s.2016050301.12      View  2684      Downloads  64
Abstract
In this paper, we study the Direct Torque Control (DTC) of an Induction Motor coupled to an Inverter (Inv-IM). DTC permits to control directly the stator flux and the torque by selecting the appropriate inverter state. DTC has been introduced because it presents several advantages in comparison to other techniques such as voltage/frequency control, vector control and field control. In this paper, we first model the DTC of Inv-IM as a hybrid system (HS). Then, we abstract the continuous dynamics of the HS in terms of discrete events. We thus obtain a discrete event model of the HS. And finally, we use Supervisory Control Theory of DES to drive Inv-IM to a desired working point.
Keywords
DTC, Automaton, DES, Controler, IM, Inv
To cite this article
Hamid Yantour, Janah Saadi, Ahmed Khoumsi, New Approach to Modeling the Direct Torque Control Applied to the Asynchronous Machine, Reduction of Undulations on the Torque, International Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. Special Issue: Smart Applications and Data Analysis for Smart Cities. Vol. 5, No. 3-1, 2016, pp. 5-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijiis.s.2016050301.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
A. A. Pujol. Improvments in direct Control of Induction Motors. PhD thesis, Department of Electronical ingineering, Polytechnical University of Catalunya, Terrassa, Spain, November 2000.
[2]
J. L. Romeral. Optimizaci´on de Modelos de Control Digital para Motores (AC). PhD thesis, Department of Electronical Engineering, Polytechnical University of Catalunya, Terrassa, Spain, June 1995.
[3]
D. Bedford. Control Vectorial Adaptativo de Motores As´ıncronos de Inducci´on. PhD thesis, Department of Electronical Engineering, Polytechnical University of Catalunya, Terrassa, Spain, October 1999.
[4]
S. Yamamura. AC Motors for high-performance applications. Analysis and Control. Marcel Dekka, Inc., 1986.
[5]
I. Takahashi and T. Noguchi. A new quick response and high efficiency control strategy of induction motors. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 22(5): 820–827, Sept.-Oct. 1986.
[6]
I. Takahashi and S. Asakawa. Ultra-wide speed control of induction motor covered 10 a 6 range. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 25: 227–232, 1987.
[7]
I. Takahashi and T. Kanmashi. Ultra-wide speed control with a quick torque response AC servo by DSP. In EPE, pages 572–577, Firenze, Italy, 1991.
[8]
T. G. Habetler and D. M. Divan. Control strategies for direct torque control using discrete pulse modulation. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 7(5): 893–901, 1991.
[9]
P. J. Ramadge and W. M. Wonham. The control of discrete event systems. Proc. IEEE, 77: 81–98, January 1989.
[10]
I. Boldea and S. A. Nasar. Vector Control of AC Drives. CRC Press Inc., 1992.
[11]
P. Vas. Sensorless Vector and Direct Torque Control of AC Machine. Oxford Univ. Press, London, U. K., 1998.
[12]
I. Takahashi and S. Ohimori. High performance direct torque control of an induction motor. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 25 (2): 257–264, 1989.
[13]
I. Ludtke. The Direct Control of Induction Motors. PhD thesis, Department of Electronics and Infomation Technology, Polytechnical University of Glamorgan, Wales, U. K., May 1998.
[14]
C. H. Golaszewski and P. J. Ramadge. Control of discrete event processes with forced events. In 26th CDC, pages 247–251, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1987.
[15]
TTCT. Developed by the Systems Control Group of the University of Toronto. Downloadable from: http://www.control.toronto.edu/ people/profs/wonham/wonham.html.
[16]
H. Yantour, J. Saadi, and A. Khoumsi. Modélisation et simulation d’une commande directe du couple appliquée à la machine asynchrone (DTC). In 6ème conf. francophone de MOdélisation et Simulation (MOSIM), Rabat, Morocco, April 2006.
[17]
H. Yantour, J. Saadi, H. Medromi, and A. Khoumsi. An Event Approach to Model Direct Torque Control (DTC). In 2nd Int. Symposium on Communications, Control and Signal Processing (ISCCSP), Marrakesh, Morocco, March 2006.
[18]
L. Ghomri, Synthèse de contrôleur de systèmes hybrides à flux continu par réseaux de Petri hybrides, universite abou-bekr belkaïd – tlemcen faculte de genie electrique et electronique, 2012.
[19]
Mathilde Machin, J. Guiochet, David Powell, Helene Waeselynck, Introduction à la synthèse de superviseur, https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00804879, Submitted on 26 Mar 2013.
[20]
Andra Ioana Vasiliu, Synthèse de contrôleurs des systèmes à évéenements discrets basée sur les réseaux de Petri, https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00767421, Submitted on 19 Dec 2012
Browse journals by subject